Which Of The Following Refers To The Kidney?

Which of the following is the term for kidney?

nb The term “ renal”, from the Latin word renes meaning kidney, is often used interchangeably with the word “kidney”.

What does kidney mean in medical terms?

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kidneys remove waste products from the blood and produce urine. As blood flows through the kidneys, the kidneys filter waste products, chemicals, and unneeded water from the blood.

What is kidney define kidney?

The kidneys are a pair of organs that are found on either side of the spine, just below the rib cage in the back. Kidneys: filter waste materials out of the blood and pass them out of the body as urine. regulate blood pressure and the levels of water, salts, and minerals in the body.

Where is kidney in our body?

The kidneys are organs that are located in the upper abdominal area against the back muscles on both the left and right side of the body.

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What is the medical term for kidney test?

Your kidney numbers include 2 tests: ACR (Albumin to Creatinine Ratio) and GFR (glomerular filtration rate). GFR is a measure of kidney function and is performed through a blood test. Your GFR will determine what stage of kidney disease you have – there are 5 stages.

What are the diseases of the kidney?

What are the types and causes of kidney disease?

  • Chronic kidney disease. The most common form of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease.
  • Kidney stones. Kidney stones are another common kidney problem.
  • Glomerulonephritis.
  • Polycystic kidney disease.
  • Urinary tract infections.

Why is the kidney important?

The kidneys act as very efficient filters for ridding the body of waste and toxic substances, and returning vitamins, amino acids, glucose, hormones and other vital substances into the bloodstream. The kidneys receive a high blood flow and this is filtered by very specialised blood vessels.

How many nephrons are in the kidney?

Several studies have shown that total nephron (glomerular) number varies widely in normal human kidneys. Whereas the studies agree that average nephron number is approximately 900,000 to 1 million per kidney, numbers for individual kidneys range from approximately 200,000 to >2.5 million.

What are the 7 functions of the kidney?

The 7 functions of the kidneys

  • A – controlling ACID-base balance.
  • W – controlling WATER balance.
  • E – maintaining ELECTROLYTE balance.
  • T – removing TOXINS and waste products from the body.
  • B – controlling BLOOD PRESSURE.
  • E – producing the hormone ERYTHROPOIETIN.
  • D – activating vitamin D.

What is the anatomy of kidney?

Anatomical Position The kidneys lie retroperitoneally (behind the peritoneum) in the abdomen, either side of the vertebral column. They typically extend from T12 to L3, although the right kidney is often situated slightly lower due to the presence of the liver. Each kidney is approximately three vertebrae in length.

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What’s another name for kidney disease?

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time. To read more about kidney function, see How Your Kidneys Work. CKD is also known as chronic renal disease.

What is another name for kidney failure?

Kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When your kidneys fail, it means they have stopped working well enough for you to survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant.

What is kidney chronic disease?

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition where the kidneys don’t work as well as they should. It’s a common condition often associated with getting older. It can affect anyone, but it’s more common in people who are black or of south Asian origin.

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