What Is The Kidney?

What is kidney and its function?

The kidneys are powerful chemical factories that perform the following functions: remove waste products from the body. remove drugs from the body. balance the body’s fluids.

What is kidney short answer?

Listen to pronunciation. ( KID-nee ) One of a pair of organs in the abdomen. The kidneys remove waste and extra water from the blood (as urine) and help keep chemicals (such as sodium, potassium, and calcium) balanced in the body.

What are the 7 functions of the kidneys?

The 7 functions of the kidneys

  • A – controlling ACID-base balance.
  • W – controlling WATER balance.
  • E – maintaining ELECTROLYTE balance.
  • T – removing TOXINS and waste products from the body.
  • B – controlling BLOOD PRESSURE.
  • E – producing the hormone ERYTHROPOIETIN.
  • D – activating vitamin D.

What are the two function of kidney?

Each kidney has a very complex structure and function. They have two important functions namely: to flush out harmful and toxic waste products and to maintain balance of water, fluids, minerals and chemicals i.e., electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, etc.

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What is the main job of a kidney?

Their main job is to cleanse the blood of toxins and transform the waste into urine. Each kidney weighs about 160 grams and gets rid of between one and one-and-a-half litres of urine per day. The two kidneys together filter 200 litres of fluid every 24 hours. to the blood.

Where is kidney in our body?

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs on either side of your spine, below your ribs and behind your belly. Each kidney is about 4 or 5 inches long, roughly the size of a large fist. The kidneys’ job is to filter your blood.

How does kidney works in our body?

Your kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from your body. Your kidneys also remove acid that is produced by the cells of your body and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals—such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium—in your blood.

Can you live without kidneys?

Can you live without kidneys? Because your kidneys are so important, you cannot live without them. But it is possible to live a perfectly healthy life with only one working kidney.

Which kidney is more important?

Location. The kidneys are a pair of organs found along the posterior muscular wall of the abdominal cavity. The left kidney is located slightly more superior than the right kidney due to the larger size of the liver on the right side of the body.

What color is urine when your kidneys are failing?

Light-brown Urine. Light-brown or tea-colored urine can be a sign of kidney disease or failure or muscle breakdown.

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How do I know if its kidney pain?

Symptoms of Kidney Pain Pain under your rib cage or in your belly. Pain in your side; usually only one side, but sometimes both hurt. Sharp or severe pain that may come in waves. Pain that can spread to your groin area or belly.

What are the signs that something is wrong with your kidneys?

Signs of Kidney Disease

  • You’re more tired, have less energy or are having trouble concentrating.
  • You’re having trouble sleeping.
  • You have dry and itchy skin.
  • You feel the need to urinate more often.
  • You see blood in your urine.
  • Your urine is foamy.
  • You’re experiencing persistent puffiness around your eyes.

Which is not function of the kidney?

Option D: Kidneys are not involved in secretion of antibiotics. Antibiotics are basically a range of medicines which are used to inhibit the growth and also kill microorganisms. Therefore, this is the incorrect option. Thus, the correct option is A) Regulation of blood pressure.

What is another name of artificial kidney?

The mechanical device used to clean the patients blood is called a dialyser, also known as an artificial kidney.

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