Readers ask: What Is The Structural And Functional Unit Of The Kidney?

What is the structural and functional unit of the kidney quizlet?

Nephron – the basic structural and functional unit of the kidneys.

What is the structural and functional unit of kidney Class 10?

Nephrons are the structural and functional units of the kidney.

What is the functional unit of a kidney?

The functional unit of the kidney is called the nephron. It comprises of a coiled renal tubule and a vascular network of peritubular capillaries. The tubule consists of different regions, each with their own important function.

What is the structural and functional unit of kidney Class 11?

The structural and functional units of kidneys are nephrons. A nephron consists of two parts mainly – renal tubule and renal corpuscle.

Why nephron is called the structural and functional unit of kidney?

Explanation: A nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. The name nephron comes from the Greek word (nephros) meaning kidney. Its chief function is to regulate water and soluble substances by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine.

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What is the basic functional unit of the kidney quizlet?

Nephron: the functional unit of the kidneys Flashcards | Quizlet.

What is the functional unit of kidney diagram?

The nephron is the microscopic structural and functional unit of the kidney. It is composed of a renal corpuscle and a renal tubule.

What is the structural and functional unit of brain?

Neurons. The basic functional unit of the brain is the neuron. Although there are upwards of 1,000 different types of neurons, they all have the same basic structure and function. Each neuron has a soma, or cell body, that performs all the basic metabolic functions required to keep the cell alive and functioning.

What is the structural and functional unit of living body?

The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life. Cells are independent, single-celled organisms that take in nutrients, excrete wastes, detect and respond to their environment, move, breathe, grow, and reproduce.

What are the two types of nephrons?

There are two types of nephron, those with long Henle’s loops and those with short loops. Short loops turn back in the outer medulla or even in the cortex (cortical loops).

What are the 7 functions of the kidney?

The 7 functions of the kidneys

  • A – controlling ACID-base balance.
  • W – controlling WATER balance.
  • E – maintaining ELECTROLYTE balance.
  • T – removing TOXINS and waste products from the body.
  • B – controlling BLOOD PRESSURE.
  • E – producing the hormone ERYTHROPOIETIN.
  • D – activating vitamin D.

What are the structural and functional unit of lungs?

Alveoli: The alveoli are the specialized air-sacs (outpouching) of 200 µm diameter. These are the structural and functional unit of the respiratory system. These are the primary site of exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.

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What is the structural and functional unit of liver?

– Now, as mentioned above the structural and functional unit of a liver is hepatic lobules.

Is the structural unit of kidneys?

The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney. The glomerulus and convoluted tubules of the nephron are located in the cortex of the kidney, while the collecting ducts are located in the pyramids of the kidney’s medulla. The renal tubule is a long, convoluted structure that emerges from the glomerulus.

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