- 1 Which of the following functions is performed by the kidneys?
- 2 Which one of the following is not a function of the kidney?
- 3 Which of the choices are functions performed by the kidney quizlet?
- 4 What are the 4 major functions of a nephron in the kidney?
- 5 What are the 7 functions of the kidneys?
- 6 What are two primary functions of the kidney?
- 7 What is the function of Bowman’s capsule?
- 8 Do kidneys regulate blood pressure?
- 9 Which correctly describes renin?
- 10 Which of the following is a function of the kidney group of answer choices?
- 11 What are the 3 layers of the kidney?
- 12 What is the difference between the two types of nephrons?
- 13 What are the 8 functions of the kidney?
- 14 What is the role of nephron in kidney?
Which of the following functions is performed by the kidneys?
maintaining overall fluid balance. regulating and filtering minerals from blood. filtering waste materials from food, medications, and toxic substances. creating hormones that help produce red blood cells, promote bone health, and regulate blood pressure.
Which one of the following is not a function of the kidney?
The correct option: Among the given option the one which is not a function of the kidney is B) storage of fat.
Which of the choices are functions performed by the kidney quizlet?
Regulation of blood volume and pressure. The kidneys play a major role in controlling the extracellular fluid volume in the body by producing either a large volume of dilute urine or a small volume of concentrated urine. Consequently, the kidneys regulate blood volume and hence blood pressure.
What are the 4 major functions of a nephron in the kidney?
The nephron uses four mechanisms to convert blood into urine: filtration, reabsorption, secretion, and excretion. These apply to numerous substances.
What are the 7 functions of the kidneys?
The 7 functions of the kidneys
- A – controlling ACID-base balance.
- W – controlling WATER balance.
- E – maintaining ELECTROLYTE balance.
- T – removing TOXINS and waste products from the body.
- B – controlling BLOOD PRESSURE.
- E – producing the hormone ERYTHROPOIETIN.
- D – activating vitamin D.
What are two primary functions of the kidney?
Their main job is to cleanse the blood of toxins and transform the waste into urine. Each kidney weighs about 160 grams and gets rid of between one and one-and-a-half litres of urine per day. The two kidneys together filter 200 litres of fluid every 24 hours.
What is the function of Bowman’s capsule?
Bowman’s capsule surrounds the glomerular capillary loops and participates in the filtration of blood from the glomerular capillaries. Bowman’s capsule also has a structural function and creates a urinary space through which filtrate can enter the nephron and pass to the proximal convoluted tubule.
Do kidneys regulate blood pressure?
Healthy kidneys produce a hormone called aldosterone to help the body regulate blood pressure. Kidney damage and uncontrolled high blood pressure each contribute to a negative spiral.
Which correctly describes renin?
Which correctly describes renin? – It is secreted by juxtaglomerular cells in renal afferent arterioles. -Its secretion is stimulated by elevated blood pressure in the renal afferent arterioles.
Which of the following is a function of the kidney group of answer choices?
The kidneys remove waste products and excess water from the body and so help to regulate blood pressure. They activate vitamin D, which helps to maintain strong bones. They produce erythropoietin, a hormone that is vital for the production of red blood cells.
What are the 3 layers of the kidney?
The Kidneys Are Composed of Three Main Sections Each kidney consists of an outer renal cortex, an inner renal medulla, and a renal pelvis. Blood is filtered in the renal cortex.
What is the difference between the two types of nephrons?
Cortical nephron is a microscopic structural and functional unit of the kidney with a short loop of Henle. Juxtamedullary nephron is a microscopic structural and functional unit of the kidney with a long loop of Henle. Cortical nephrons have a short loop of Henle, which penetrates only the outer renal medulla.
What are the 8 functions of the kidney?
- Regulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.
- Regulation of osmolarity.
- Regulation of ion concentrations.
- Regulation of pH.
- Excretion of wastes and toxins.
- Production of hormones.
What is the role of nephron in kidney?
A nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidneys that regulates water and soluble substances in the blood by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed, and excreting the rest as urine.