Often asked: What Is Kidney?

What is kidney and its function?

The kidneys are powerful chemical factories that perform the following functions: remove waste products from the body. remove drugs from the body. balance the body’s fluids.

What are the 7 functions of the kidney?

The 7 functions of the kidneys

  • A – controlling ACID-base balance.
  • W – controlling WATER balance.
  • E – maintaining ELECTROLYTE balance.
  • T – removing TOXINS and waste products from the body.
  • B – controlling BLOOD PRESSURE.
  • E – producing the hormone ERYTHROPOIETIN.
  • D – activating vitamin D.

Why do kidneys fail?

Kidneys can become damaged from a physical injury or a disease like diabetes, high blood pressure, or other disorders. High blood pressure and diabetes are the two most common causes of kidney failure. Kidney failure does not happen overnight. It is the end result of a gradual loss of kidney function.

What are the 8 functions of the kidney?

KIDNEYS

  • Regulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.
  • Regulation of osmolarity.
  • Regulation of ion concentrations.
  • Regulation of pH.
  • Excretion of wastes and toxins.
  • Production of hormones.
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What is the main job of a kidney?

Their main job is to cleanse the blood of toxins and transform the waste into urine. Each kidney weighs about 160 grams and gets rid of between one and one-and-a-half litres of urine per day. The two kidneys together filter 200 litres of fluid every 24 hours. to the blood.

Where is kidney in our body?

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs on either side of your spine, below your ribs and behind your belly. Each kidney is about 4 or 5 inches long, roughly the size of a large fist. The kidneys’ job is to filter your blood.

Can you live without kidneys?

Can you live without kidneys? Because your kidneys are so important, you cannot live without them. But it is possible to live a perfectly healthy life with only one working kidney.

How does kidney work in human body?

Your kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from your body. Your kidneys also remove acid that is produced by the cells of your body and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals—such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium—in your blood.

Which kidney is more important?

Location. The kidneys are a pair of organs found along the posterior muscular wall of the abdominal cavity. The left kidney is located slightly more superior than the right kidney due to the larger size of the liver on the right side of the body.

How I know my kidney is OK?

Doctors measure blood creatinine levels and perform a calculation to find out your glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Good Score: Over 90 is good. 60-89 should be monitored. Less than 60 for 3 months indicates kidney disease.

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Is drinking a lot of water good for your kidneys?

Water helps the kidneys remove wastes from your blood in the form of urine. Water also helps keep your blood vessels open so that blood can travel freely to your kidneys, and deliver essential nutrients to them.

What foods are bad for the kidneys?

Here are 17 foods that you should likely avoid on a renal diet.

  • Dark-colored soda. In addition to the calories and sugar that sodas provide, they harbor additives that contain phosphorus, especially dark-colored sodas.
  • Avocados.
  • Canned foods.
  • Whole wheat bread.
  • Brown rice.
  • Bananas.
  • Dairy.
  • Oranges and orange juice.

What color is urine when your kidneys are failing?

Light-brown Urine. Light-brown or tea-colored urine can be a sign of kidney disease or failure or muscle breakdown.

How many kidneys do you need?

Although most people have two kidneys, you only need one functioning kidney to live an active, healthy life. If you have only one kidney, it’s important to protect it and keep it functioning well because you don’t have a second one to take over if it fails.

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