FAQ: Which Term Describes The Outer Region Of The Kidney?

What word describes the position of the kidneys?

The kidneys lie retroperitoneally (behind the peritoneum) in the abdomen, either side of the vertebral column. They typically extend from T12 to L3, although the right kidney is often situated slightly lower due to the presence of the liver. Each kidney is approximately three vertebrae in length.

Which term refers to the external opening of the urethra *?

The external urethral orifice is the external opening (or meatus) of the urethra. It is where urine exits in both males and females.

What is unique about the location position of the kidneys?

The left kidney is located slightly more superior than the right kidney due to the larger size of the liver on the right side of the body. Unlike the other abdominal organs, the kidneys lie behind the peritoneum that lines the abdominal cavity and are thus considered to be retroperitoneal organs.

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What is the location of the kidneys in the human body?

Where Are the Kidneys and How Do They Function? There are two kidneys, each about the size of a fist, located on either side of the spine at the lowest level of the rib cage. Each kidney contains up to a million functioning units called nephrons.

What term describes difficult or painful urination?

Painful urination ( dysuria ) is discomfort or burning with urination, usually felt in the tube that carries urine out of your bladder (urethra) or the area surrounding your genitals (perineum).

What term describes the dilation of one or both kidneys?

Technically, hydronephrosis specifically describes dilation and swelling of the kidney, while the term hydroureter is used to describe swelling of the ureter. Hydronephrosis may be unilateral involving just one kidney or bilateral involving both.

What are the main regions of the kidney?

The kidney is made up of three different regions internally: the outer cortex, the middle medulla (with the renal pyramids) and the inner-most renal pelvis.

Which side of kidney is higher?

Every healthy human body has two kidneys, the left and the right. Each kidney is about four or five inches long, shaped somewhat like a bean. The left kidney sits a bit higher in the body because of the size of the liver, which is also on the right side.

What are the three layers of the kidney?

The Kidneys Are Composed of Three Main Sections Each kidney consists of an outer renal cortex, an inner renal medulla, and a renal pelvis. Blood is filtered in the renal cortex.

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Are kidneys located in front or back?

Your kidneys are fist-sized organs shaped like beans that are located at the back of the middle of your trunk, in the area called your flank. They are under the lower part of your ribcage on the right and left sides of your backbone.

How do I know if its kidney pain?

Symptoms of Kidney Pain Pain under your rib cage or in your belly. Pain in your side; usually only one side, but sometimes both hurt. Sharp or severe pain that may come in waves. Pain that can spread to your groin area or belly.

Are kidneys located in the pelvic cavity?

The abdominopelvic cavity is a body cavity that consists of the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity. It contains the stomach, liver, pancreas, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, and most of the small and large intestines.

What is the other name of artificial kidney?

The mechanical device used to clean the patients blood is called a dialyser, also known as an artificial kidney.

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