FAQ: What Causes An Enlarged Kidney?

What does an enlarged kidney indicate?

Hydronephrosis is swelling of one or both kidneys. Kidney swelling happens when urine can’t drain from a kidney and builds up in the kidney as a result. This can occur from a blockage in the tubes that drain urine from the kidneys (ureters) or from an anatomical defect that doesn’t allow urine to drain properly.

How do you treat an enlarged kidney?

Treatment depends on the cause of the kidney swelling. Treatment may include: Placing a stent (tube) through the bladder and ureter to allow urine to flow from the kidney into the bladder. Placing a tube into the kidney through the skin, to allow the blocked urine to drain out of the body into a drainage bag.

What is the most common cause of enlarged kidneys?

In adults, the conditions that most often cause hydronephrosis include: Kidney stones: Stones that may become lodged in the kidneys or urinary tract. Cancer: Tumors in the bladder, prostate gland, uterus or other organs that are part of or near the urinary tract may cause blockages that disrupt the flow of urine.

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What is the main cause of hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is usually caused by a blockage in the urinary tract or something disrupting the normal workings of the urinary tract. The urinary tract is made up of the kidneys, the bladder, the ureters (the tubes that run from the kidney to the bladder) and the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body).

Is drinking a lot of water good for your kidneys?

Water helps the kidneys remove wastes from your blood in the form of urine. Water also helps keep your blood vessels open so that blood can travel freely to your kidneys, and deliver essential nutrients to them.

What foods should I avoid with hydronephrosis?

Here are 17 foods that you should likely avoid on a renal diet.

  • Dark-colored soda. In addition to the calories and sugar that sodas provide, they harbor additives that contain phosphorus, especially dark-colored sodas.
  • Avocados.
  • Canned foods.
  • Whole wheat bread.
  • Brown rice.
  • Bananas.
  • Dairy.
  • Oranges and orange juice.

How long can you have hydronephrosis?

Kidney function will begin decreasing almost immediately with the onset of hydronephrosis but is reversible if the swelling resolves. Usually kidneys recover well even if there is an obstruction lasting up to 6 weeks.

What are the stages of hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis grading (SFU system)

  1. grade 0. no dilatation, calyceal walls are apposed to each other.
  2. grade 1 (mild) dilatation of the renal pelvis without dilatation of the calyces (can also occur in the extrarenal pelvis)
  3. grade 2 (mild)
  4. grade 3 (moderate)
  5. grade 4 (severe)

What does a blocked kidney feel like?

Blockage can lead to kidney damage, kidney stones, and infection. Symptoms can include pain in the side, decreased or increased urine flow, and urinating at night. Symptoms are more common if the blockage is sudden and complete.

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Is a swollen kidney serious?

Severe cases of urinary blockage and hydronephrosis can damage the kidneys and lead to kidney failure. If kidney failure occurs, treatment will be needed with either dialysis or a kidney transplant. However, most people can recover from hydronephrosis if treated promptly.

What color is urine when your kidneys are failing?

Light-brown Urine. Light-brown or tea-colored urine can be a sign of kidney disease or failure or muscle breakdown.

What foods help with hydronephrosis?

A DaVita Dietitian’s Top 15 Healthy Foods for People with Kidney

  • Red bell peppers. 1/2 cup serving red bell pepper = 1 mg sodium, 88 mg potassium, 10 mg phosphorus.
  • Cabbage. 1/2 cup serving green cabbage = 6 mg sodium, 60 mg potassium, 9 mg phosphorus.
  • Cauliflower.
  • Garlic.
  • Onions.
  • Apples.
  • Cranberries.
  • Blueberries.

Can dehydration cause hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is the dilation or swelling of kidneys because of a blockage that stops urine from flowing out of the body. Hydronephrosis can be cured, depending on the cause. Complications include urinary infections, high blood pressure, kidney failure, and dehydration.

Is hydronephrosis life threatening?

It is important to seek help if you experience this condition, since untreated hydronephrosis can lead to permanent loss of kidney function, a life-threatening condition.

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